The Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) has been involved in several applied glaciology projects since the early 1980s, such as assessments for the hydropower plants now operating at Ilulissat and Nuuk, and glacial lake outburst flood assessments for Isortuarsuup and Qorlortossup in South Greenland. In a report entitled “Unique applied glaciology challenges of proglacial mining” in this year’s Report on Geological Survey Activities, we provide a brief overview of four unique glacier-related geotechnical challenges confronting industrial operations adjacent to a glacier. We discuss these four especially unique applied glaciology challenges in the context of a new generation of mining projects that seek to excavate through glaciers to reach sub-glacial ore, such as the active Kumtor Mine in Kyrgyzstan and the approved Isua Mine in Greenland. The four uniquely glacier-related geotechnical challenges we discuss are supraglacial runoff, subglacial water flow, ice movement and supraglacial access roads. We also highlight how climate change is poised to further exacerbate these geotechnical challenges, as increased meltwater production generally enhances both water flow and ice flow into proglacial sites. We hope this report can serve as a quick survey of recent applied glaciology activities for non-specialists.
*This report serves as the citation for the proglacial mining projects open-file located here.
— William Colgan (@GlacierBytes) November 13, 2015